INSPECT and Auto-Refrigeration

Minimum Safe Operating Temperature (MSOT) curves, also referred to as Minimum Pressurization Temperature (MPT) curves, are used to ensure that carbon steel equipment can safely operate when exposed to low temperature conditions. Common applications include the olefin and hydrocarbon processing industries where safety concerns created by auto-refrigeration may occur. MSOT curves are employed to determine which process conditions put equipment at risk of failure by brittle fracture. They are created by performing API 579 Part 3 assessments for all pressure-temperature conditions expected in service. Because of the number of calculations required, this has historically been an expensive, time consuming task. INSPECT automates this RAGAGEP procedure and shows how process conditions interact with the equipment’s Minimum Allowable Temperature (MAT).

INSPECT’s MSOT Curve Benefits

  • MDMT (minimum design metal temperature) data may not be  available for old or undocumented vessels. Creating a MSOT curve with INSPECT solves this problem quickly.

  • INSPECT’s MSOT curves are plotted against process Vapor Pressure Curves.  This information can then be used for creating integrity operating windows (IOW’s).

  • Reduces time and expense when creating MSOT’s manually or through outsourcing to 3rd parties.  They can also be used to validate newly acquired older plants. In this context, older refers to facilities constructed prior to 1987, the year ASME rules for brittle fracture were introduced.

INSPECT's MSOT Curves Compare Equipment Brittle Fracture Ratings to Process Conditions
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INSPECT Includes an Extensive Vapor Pressure Curve Library

Vapor Pressure Curves

Vapor Pressure Curves are sources of process information used by INSPECT to help determine a critical region of the integrity operating window. INSPECT combines equipment MSOT and Vapor Pressure Curves to help operators consider the risk of auto refrigeration induced brittle fracture and ensure safe operations.

INSPECT provides a Vapor Pressure Curves library that covers fluids commonly used in the process industries. In Addition, INSPECT includes the ability to specify custom Vapor Pressure Curves. INSPECT plots the selected Vapor Pressure Curves on the MSOT curve to identify process conditions that exceed the equipment’s MSOT.

In addition to being plotted in the MSOT, Vapor Pressure Curves in tabular form are also presented in the summary report.

Creating a Master MSOT Curve in INSPECT

More information on auto-refrigeration and brittle fracture can be found at:

INSPECT Featured Capabilities